Here you will find information about Brazilian Airlines, their websites, their history, updates, and also how to book their products, like the Brazil Airpass offered by TAM Airlines, GOL Airlines and Azul LInhas Aereas for those traveling inside Brazil.
The Brazilian airline industry has changed dramatically in the last decade, going from four major players in the 90’s when it had Varig Airlines as its main international flagship carrier followed by smaller players like Vasp, Transbrasil, and TAM at the time a regional carrier.
Founded in 1927, in the southern State of Rio Grande do Sul, Varig became a major carrier with dozens of planes and a worldwide reference for quality service. Visit Wikipedia Page about Varig.
In early 2000, Varig went through a series of restructuring to try to adjust the carrier to the new reality, specially the increased competition from new low-cost carrier GOL, and tariff wars being waged by struggling carriers VASP and Transbrasil. The carrier could not recover, and the company was split in 2005, with GOL acquiring part of the company.
Transbrasil and VASP later went out of business and only two major carriers remained in the sector in Brazil, TAM which became Brazil’s Flagship carrier and GOL, focused on the domestic market and using a low cost model.
In 2008 David Neeleman, founder of Jetblue in the US founded AZUL (Blue in Portuguese), which is growing rapidly and gaining market share from GOL and TAM. Azul merged with regional carrier TRIP, and together already controls 20% of the entire market. Azul went public in the Brazilian and US stock market in April 2017, and is getting ready for a major expansion.
In 2011, GOL acquired Webjet to gain market share and more importantly the valuable slots at Brazilian airports, and on November 2012 GOL shut down the carrier completely, and laid off most its employees.
In 2012, TAM Airlines was acquired by Chile’s LAN Airline and became part of the LATAM Group. The new company is struggling to realize all the promised synergies promised to investors and governments. In the meantime Azul is gaining momentum and market share.