Here you will find information about Brazilian Airlines, their websites, their history, updates, and also how to book their products, like the Brazil Airpass offered by TAM Airlines, GOL Airlines and TRIP for those traveling inside Brazil.

The Brazilian airline industry has changed dramatically in the last decade, going from four major players in the 90’s when it had Varig Airlines as its main international flagship carrier followed by smaller players like Vasp, Transbrasil, and TAM at the time a regional carrier.

Founded in 1927, in the southern State of Rio Grande do Sul, Varig became a major carrier with dozens of planes and a worldwide reference for quality service. Visit Wikipedia Page about Varig.

In early 2000, Varig went through a series of restructuring to try to adjust the carrier to the new reality, specially the increased competition from new low-cost carrier GOL, and tariff wars being waged by struggling carriers VASP and Transbrasil. The carrier could not recover, and the company was split in 2005, with GOL acquiring part of the company.

Transbrasil and VASP later went out of business and only two major carriers remained in the sector in Brazil, TAM which became Brazil’s Flagship carrier and GOL, focused on the domestic market and using a low cost model.

In 2008 David Neeleman, founder of Jetblue in the US founded AZUL (Blue in Portuguese), which is growing rapidly and gaining market share from GOL and TAM. Azul merged with regional carrier TRIP, and together already control 15% of the market.

In 2011, GOL acquired Webjet to gain market share and more importantly the valuable slots at Brazilian airports, and on November 2012 GOL shut down the carrier completely, and laid off most its employees.

In 2012, TAM Airlines was acquired by Chile’s LAN Airline and became part of the LATAM Group. The new company is struggling to realize all the promised sinergies promised to investors and governments. In the meantime Azul is gaining momentum and market share.

gol aviaocopa aviao

Gol Linhas Aereas just signed a Codeshare with COPA Airlines, an agreement to share flights. The partnership is pending approval of ANAC – National Civil Aviation Agency and CADE – Administrative Council for Economic Defense.

The scope of the partnership includes sharing on all flights between Copa Airline’s Hub of the Americas in Panama City and Brazil, in addition to flights leaving from Panama to more than 54 cities operated by Gol in Brazil. “This partnership with Copa Airlines complements our business in international markets and generates more benefits to our customers,” explains Cyrus Camargo, the airline Alliances Manager.

Companies also have concluded “FFP” agreement – Frequent Flyer Program, which will provide members of GOL’s loyalty program Smiles, the ability to earn and redeem miles on all eligible flights operated by COPA.

gol korean

Gol Airlines started an agreement to share flights (codeshare) with Korean Air, the largest airline company in South Korea and one of the largest airlines in Asia. The partnership is pending approval from the National Civil Aviation Agency (ANAC) and the Administrative Council for Economic Defense (CADE). “This is our tenth Codeshare agreement and our first with a Far Eastern company. Surely this partnership, when approved, will provide even more ease and convenience to passengers who need to fly several segments in destinations served by GOL, especially in Brazil, “said Cyrus Camargo, Gol Airline’s Alliances Manager.

With this partnership, Korean Air will have available flights operated by GOL, offering customers a wide variety of connections to destinations in Brazil and the Americas. The Korean company currently has partnerships with 29 airlines to 188 destinations around the world. Gol and Korean Air also entered Frequent Flyer Program agreement (“FFP”), which will provide members of its loyalty programs, Smiles Gol and the Skypass of Korean the ability to earn and redeem miles on all eligible flights operated by both airlines.

TAM article from CAPA centre for aviation

Brazilian airline TAM has opted to solidify its regional aviation strategy ahead of a decision by the country’s government of a proposed programme to subsidise routes to certain regional airports. It plans to make its own push from Brasilia and has lined up a partnership with Brazilian regional airlinePassaredo to access passengers in smaller markets.

TAM is also in advanced discussions with airframers over a regional aircraft order including Brazil’sEmbraer. TAM cited those discussions after rival Gol also stated it was also evaluating an order forEmbraer jets.

The timing of TAM’s regional push is interesting given that Brazil’s economy remains tenuous. But TAM may be setting the stage to regain some market share it has lost during the last couple of years as it worked to turnaround its domestic operations in Brazil. Whatever TAM’s motivations are, it appears to be positioning itself to capture more traffic within Brazil’s smaller markets, creating new competitive.

TAM and Gol examine smaller Embraer jets as Brazil weighs regional subsidies

TAM, part of the LATAM Airlines Group, in late 2014 stated it was evaluating regional aircraft including 18 Embraer E2 jets. At the time it outlined those plans, TAM also stated it would add four to six new regional destinations per year beginning in 2015.

The outlining of its plans occurs as the fate of the proposed Regional Aviation Development Program in Brazil is in the hands of legislators. The initiative entails subsidising regional operations to airports with less than one million passengers annually.

At one point, legislators were considering removing a portion of the proposal that limited the subsidies to 60 seats per flight and instead subsidising 50% of passengers on flights to underserved destinations, but fast growing Brazilian airline Azul quickly criticised that proposal and warned that its own potential order for 30 E2 jets could be in jeopardy if the provision was removed. Gol in Sep-2014 stated it too was evaluating the re-engined Embraer E2 jets.

The smallest aircraft type in TAM’s fleet are its 144-seat A319 narrowbodies while Gol’s smallest jets are its 144-seat Boeing 737-700s.

Unlike Gol, TAM avoids placing a value on potential subsidies

The value of the proposed subsidies has been pegged at roughly BRL500 million (USD185 million), according to news outlet Bloomberg. Gol has previously stated that it could net USD20 million from the programme, but TAM has refrained from making any estimates of the benefits it could reap from potential subsidies. “It is very hard today to define, probably our competitors are doing some sort of estimates, but today it is very hard to define how the subsidy will be distributed, which will be the formula for calculating it and how much will each company be entitled to,” TAM CEO Claudia Sender Ramirez recently explained.

She remarked that regardless of how Brazil’s government proceeds, there are regional cities TAM is interested in serving with its current and new fleet.

See related report: Gol’s 3Q2014 losses widen even as the airline continues working to improve its financial leverage

TAM selects its stronghold of Brasilia for regional expansion

Subsequent to Ms Sender’s remarks, TAM unveiled its plans to acquire smaller aircraft and has announced new service from Brasilia toRio Preto, Boa Vista and Iguassu Falls beginning in Feb-2015 and continuing through Apr-2015. It is also adding new international service from Brasilia to Orlando in Jun-2015 after cutting flights from Rio de Janeiro to Orlando in 2013.

Brasilia is Brazil’s capital and third busiest airport based on aircraft movements and the fourth busiest measured by passenger throughput. It is primarily a domestic airport with only 3% of its seats deployed into international markets. TAM is the largest airline in Brasilia measured by seats deployed with a nearly 43% share. Brasilia is TAM’s third largest base measured by seat deployment behind the two airports it serves in Sao Paulo – Guarulhos International and Congonhas.



The third Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner Avianca (photo), landed on Christmas Eve, the 24th, at the International Airport José María Córdova, in Rionegro, Colombia. The aircraft is added the other two of the same type that were received last week in Seattle, USA. The new Boeing indicates a breakthrough in the modernization process of Avianca, whose goal is to be one of the market leaders in technology.

With capacity for 250 passengers, 222 in Economy and 28 in Business, Avianca’s Dreamliner seek gather convenience, range and performance. The company plans to fly Colombia, United States, Mexico, South America and Europe with the Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner.

“With the addition of modern and sophisticated Boeing 787-7, Avianca constitutes an important symbol in commercial aviation, as the airline that offers the most advanced aviation technology to its passengers. “With the aircraft, we give a new concept in connectivity between Latin America and the world, offering comfort and more enjoyable travel, “said the CEO of Avianca, Fabio Ramirez.

This and other new Avianca’s Boeings will link customers coming out of Colombia to Madrid, Barcelona and London. In addition, the new aircrafts will make flights from Colombia to Buenos Aires, Sao Paulo, Santiago and Mexico.



TAM is already selling tickets for its new international flights: from Sao Paulo to Toronto, Canada, and the new direct route between Brasilia and Orlando. In the coming days, will also be launched three new frequencies that will make daily regular flight TAM between Brasilia and Miami. This year, the company also launched a direct flight from Guarulhos to Cancun, but in all new routes prices are not inviting, at least for now.

The new flights will be operated by TAM with its new Boeing 767-300ER. The model is configured with 191 seats in Economy Class and another 30 in Premium Business recently launched by the company with greater distance between the seats and full flat seats that recline up to 180 degrees.

“We are reaping the real benefits of union between TAM and LAN. With the consolidation of LATAM Airlines Group, we continue to seek opportunities and we now offer greater connectivity and the best product for travelers between South America and North America, “says Claudia Sender, president of TAM. “Toronto is another new international destination with great potential for the Brazilian traveler. We debut our operations to Canada with a high-level product, offering a quick and safe travel experience aboard the modern Boeing 767 “.

Toronto is the seventh destination of LATAM Airlines Group in North America, but the flight will not be direct. The new destination will be offered five days a week, in an extension of JJ8102 JJ8103 flights and TAM, which already link daily during the nighttime airports of São Paulo and New York. What this means is that to make the trip will require both the Canadian visa as the US, on the other hand makes room for an interesting stopover in NY – the question is whether TAM will offer this possibility, as do American companies.

The extent of the operation to Toronto starts from March 29, 2015. The flight will depart at 11:15 JJ8102 the airport John F. Kennedy in New York, and arrive in Toronto at 13h (local time). Conversely, the JJ8103 flight will depart Toronto at 16:35 and arrive in New York at 18.30 (local time).


From June 12, 2015, the JJ8048 flight will take off every day of the Brasilia airport at 11h22 and arrive at Orlando International Airport at 18.30 (local time). The return trip will be daily by JJ8049, from Orlando to 22:30 (local time) and arrive in Brasilia at 7:19 a.m. the next day.

As of August 27, 2015, the three new weekly flights operating on Brasilia-Miami route will start with the daily flight JJ8042 (from Brasilia to Miami) and the flight JJ8043 (from Miami to Brasilia).

The increase in international flights in the locality directly benefits travelers to or from the majority of destinations offered by TAM in Brazil, and substantially improves the quick connect traveler to the country’s Northeast region